Bone Mineral Densitometry

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommend that the following people get preventive screenings for bone mineral density:

  • Women over the age of 65 and

  • Women who have a high risk of fractures

 

Women have an increased risk for osteoporosis if they smoke or consume three or more alcoholic beverages per day. They are also at an increased risk if they have:

  • chronic kidney disease

  • early menopause

  • an eating disorder resulting in low body weight

  • a family history of osteoporosis

  • a “fragility fracture” (a broken bone caused by regular activities)

  • rheumatoid arthritis

  • significant height loss (a sign of compression fractures in the spinal column)

  • very inactive physically and do minimal weight bearing activities

 

Osteoporosis Markers Incl. Vitamin D

About Osteoporosis

About one in two women and one in five men over 50 will fracture a bone mainly because of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can affect all age groups, but it’s most common in post-menopausal women. Having osteoporosis doesn’t automatically mean that your bones will fracture; it just means that it’s more likely.

 

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

You can’t see or feel your bones getting thinner, and may only become aware of the condition when you fracture a bone. Osteoporosis weakens the bones in your back (vertebrae), so other signs to look out for include back pain and any changes in your height

 

Autoimmune &

Arthritis Markers

To diagnose rheumatoid arthritis there is no one test that can on its own reach a diagnosis. Instead, there are a number of criteria that must be established in order to reach a rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis.

 

As part of the criteria for diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis, doctors will order multiple blood tests. These blood tests look for specific indicators that support the possibility that the patient could have rheumatoid arthritis.

 

Rheumatoid Arthritis Blood Tests

The rheumatoid arthritis blood tests that doctors perform to help diagnose the disease include:

  • Rheumatoid factor (RF)

  • Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (CCP)

  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

  • C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

  • Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)

 

Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone. It's characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe.

Gout symptoms may come and go, but there are ways to manage symptoms and prevent flares.

The signs and symptoms of gout almost always occur suddenly, and often at night. They include:

  • Intense joint pain. Gout usually affects the large joint of your big toe, but it can occur in any joint. Other commonly affected joints include the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers. The pain is likely to be most severe within the first four to 12 hours after it begins.

  • Lingering discomfort. After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. Later attacks are likely to last longer and affect more joints.

  • Inflammation and redness. The affected joint or joints become swollen, tender, warm and red.

  • Limited range of motion. As gout progresses, you may not be able to move your joints normally.

Gout

 

Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in its early stages because the early signs and symptoms mimic those of many other diseases. There is no one blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis.

 

People with rheumatoid arthritis often have an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, or sed rate) or C-reactive protein (CRP), which may indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in the body. Other common blood tests look for rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies.

Arthritis Marker

 

Precious Medical Centre

#12-01 Paragon Medical, 290 Orchard Road, Singapore 238859

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