Kidney Function Panel
A renal panel is a group of tests that may be performed together to evaluate kidney (renal) function. The tests measure levels of various substances, including several minerals, electrolytes, proteins, and glucose (sugar), in the blood to determine the current status of the kidneys.
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are located at the bottom of the ribcage in the right and left sides of the back. They normally filter nearly 150 quarts of blood a day, removing waste products that form from the metabolism of food and from normal cell activity. The kidneys form urine to expel excess water from the body together with these waste products that are removed from the blood.
The kidneys help regulate pH and levels of necessary chemicals in the body—including potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, chloride, and bicarbonate (CO2)—by separating them out from the waste materials and releasing them back into the blood, getting rid of only as much or as little as needed to maintain normal blood levels.
If the kidneys are not functioning properly, waste products can accumulate in the blood and fluid levels can increase to dangerous levels, causing damage to the body or a potentially life-threatening situation. Numerous conditions and diseases can result in damage to the kidneys. The most common causes of and main risk factors for kidney disease are diabetes and hypertension.
Basic Kidney Scan
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